Joliot-Curie, Irene

(1897-1956)
   physicist, Nobel laureate
   Born in Paris, the daughter of marie and pierre curie, Irene Joliot-Curie did much of her research in collaboration with her husband, Frédéric joliot-curie. In 1925, she received a doctorate from the university of Paris for her work on alpha particles and continued assisting her mother at the Radium institute, where she met Frédéric Joliot, whom she married in 1926. They subsequently worked together and both assumed the surname of Joliot-Curie. specializing in nuclear physics and inspired by the research of the German physicist Walter Bothe, they made the significant discovery that radioactive elements can be artificially prepared from stable elements (1933). In separate experiments, they bombarded aluminum foil and boron with alpha particles, temporarily changing the aluminum into radioactive phosphorus and producing a radioactive form of nitrogen from the boron. This was the first time artificial radioactivity had been created. in 1936, irene Joliot-Curie became a professor at the university of Paris and also undersecretary of state for scientific research. she was a member of the French Atomic Energy Commission (CEA) from 1946 to 1951, and helped to develop the first French atomic reserve. After 1947, she served as the director of the institute of Radium. With her husband, she received the Nobel Prize in chemistry in 1935 and became an officer in the legion of honor in 1939. She also received many other honors for her contributions to nuclear science. she died in 1956 from leukemia, which she contracted in the course of her work.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Joliot-Curie , Irène — (1897–1956) French physicist Irène Curie was born in Paris, the daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie, the discoverers of radium. She received little formal schooling, attending instead informal classes where she was taught physics by her mother,… …   Scientists

  • Joliot-Curie, Irène — Jo·liot Cu·rie (zhô lyō kyo͝orʹē, kyo͝o rēʹ, kü ), Irène. 1897 1956. French physicist. She shared a 1935 Nobel Prize with her husband, Frédéric Joliot Curie (1900 1958), for synthesizing new radioactive elements. * * * …   Universalium

  • Joliot Curie, Irène — ► (1897 1956) Física francesa, hija de Pierre y Marie Curie y esposa de Fréderic Joliot. Fue premio Nobel de Química en 1935, junto con su esposo, por el descubrimiento de la radiactividad artificial …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Irène Joliot-Curie — Joliot Curie , Irène …   Scientists

  • Joliot Curie — Joliot Curie, Irène …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Irene Joliot-Curie — Irène Curie (zweite von links) mit ihrer Mutter und ihrer Schwester in den USA, 1921. (Personen von links nach rechts: Marie Mattingly Meloney Brown Irène Curie Marie Curie Ève Curie) Irène Joliot Curie (* 12. September 1897 in Paris; …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Irene Joliot-Curie — Irène Joliot Curie Irène Joliot Curie Naissance 12 septembre 1897 Paris (France) Décès 17 mars 195 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irène Joliot Curie — Naissance 12 septembre 1897 Paris (France) Décès 17 mars 195 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Irène Joliot-Curie — Irène Joliot Curie …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joliot-curie — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Patronyme Le nom de Joliot Curie est celui de trois personnalités : Frédéric Joliot Curie (1900 1958), physicien français (époux de Irène Joliot… …   Wikipédia en Français

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